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건강교실 상세내용
한 글 제 목 The Self-determination Theory Approach to Understanding Engagement in Physical Education: Effects ..
영 문 제 목 The Self-determination Theory Approach to Understanding Engagement in Physical Education: Effects ..
저     자 Nur Raihan Binte Suhaimi 발 행 년 도 2016
발 행 기 관 학교체육연구소 발 행 정 보 Vol. 4, No. 2, 19-37
공 동 저 자
첨부파일 The Self-determination Theory Approach to Understanding Engagement in Physical Education Effects of

Abstract


Physical inactivity among youths is a major issue in urbanised countries. Singapore is a strategic case for
investigation because recent survey findings showed that youths fail to meet minimum recommendations for
physical activity to acquire health benefits. Although physical education (PE) is known to help youths
accomplish physical activity guidelines, its effectiveness hinges on the quality of students’ engagement in PE
classes. Based on the self-determination theory, this study (N = 431 secondary school students), examines the
extent to which the psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness are satisfied are uniquely
associated with four dimensions (agentic, behavioural, emotional, cognitive) of engagement while accounting
for gender and grade level differences, thus providing a holistic and detailed understanding for PE teachers to
influence students’ engagement in PE. Multivariate regression analysis shows that all studied variables
significantly predict engagement. Examination of the regression coefficients reveals that satisfaction of each
psychological need positively predicts each dimension of engagement. Perceived competence, however, did not
predict agentic engagement. Students’ perceived autonomy is the strongest predictor of emotional, cognitive
and agentic engagement while perceived relatedness is of highest relative importance for behavioural
engagement. Results, including gender and grade level differences, are discussed in relation to teaching
strategies.


Key words : Physical Education, Engagement, Self-determination Theory, Psychological Needs Satisfaction

37   The Self-determination Theory Approach to Understanding... 관리자 2017.03.13 62
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